167th Theater Sustainment Command was originally federally recognized on Jan. 3, 1921 in the Alabama National Guard as Company M, 4th Infantry. The unit, based in Birmingham, was re-designated later that year on Dec. 16th, as Company M, 167th Infantry; an element of the 39th Division, then later the 39th Division.
The unit was activated and deactivated many times over the years, seeing active service during both World War II and the Korean War, earning three campaign participation credits for World War II, New Guinea (with arrowhead) and the southern Philippines.
On April 15, 1963, the unit was re-designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Brigade, 31st Infantry division.
On June 11, 1963, President John F. Kennedy ordered the unit once again to active federal service in Birmingham to enforce federal law at the University of Alabama, keeping the peace during a key moment of the civil rights era. The unit was released June 23, 1963 and reverted to state control.
HHC, 1st Brigade was again activated to federal service from Sept. 10, 1963, to Sept. 12, 1963 in case of civil unrest as several Alabama schools began desegregation.
The unit was again activated on March 20, 1965, this time by President Lyndon Johnson, to protect demonstrators led by Dr. Martin Luther King as they marched to the capitol in Montgomery. The unit was release four days later, on March 29.
Three years later, on Jan. 15, 1968, HHC, 1st Brigade; the 152nd Signal Group and HHC, 143rd Quartermaster Group all combined to form Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 167th Support Brigade.
In March, 1976, the 167th Support Brigade became the 167th Support Command. In July of that year, the President elevated the commander’s position to Maj. Gen.
The unit then co-located with the 121st Army Reserve Command on Aug. 10, 1985, becoming the largest Armed Forces Reserve / National Guard center in the southeast United States.
On Aug. 7, 1990, the unit deployed 39 units to southwest Asia in support of Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield. Those units remained active until April 11, 1991.
The unit then reorganized and was re-named Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 167th Support Command (Theater) on Oct. 1, 2000. Five years later, on Sept. 26, 2005, the unit claimed its current title; Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 167th Theater Sustainment Command, and re-located from Birmingham to Fort McClellan, Ala., on June 1, 2009.
More recently the 167th Theater Sustainment Command has proudly participated in Operation Nobel Eagle, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Throughout the United States, Central and South America the 167th TSC has provided a vital role in humanitarian efforts.
Today the 167th Theater Sustainment Command’s mission encompasses homeland defense and security and providing command and control of theater sustainment within the Army Northern Command area of responsibility.
The 167th TSC is one of only two multi-component forces in the U.S. Army, comprised of approximately 67 active and 376 Alabama National Guard Troops.